The following are summaries of the proposed Amendments to the Florida State Constitution in 2018 with suggestions on how to vote. You can download and print the Proposed Amendments and take them with you to your polling place. You can download these amendments and suggestions and take them with you to the polls.


Amendment Suggestion Summary
No. 1

Constitutional Amendment

Article VII, Section 6

Article XII, Section 37

(Increased Homestead Property Tax Exemption)


Vote NO The Homestead Exemption would provide applicants a tax exemption on the assessed value of the property in which they reside and mark as their permanent home. Granted exemptions will only be given to applicants who are Florida residents and possess the title of the property. Documentation of ownership is required and no more than one exemption will be awarded to individual or family unit. Honorably discarded veterans 65 or older who are partially or totally permanently disabled due to a combat related incident will receive a discount from the amount of the ad valorem tax owed on their homestead. This discount will be in a percentage equal to that of the veteran’s permanent, service connected disability determined by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. This discount may also be awarded to the surviving spouse of a veteran deceased due to service connected causes while on active duty, and to the surviving spouse of a first responder who died in the line of duty.


No. 2

Constructional Amendment

Article XII, Section 27

(Limitations on Property Tax Assessments)

Vote NO This non-homestead property amendment would continue to cap the year-to-year tax increase at 10 percent regardless of the market value increase, instead of allowing the current cap to expire.
No. 3

Constitutional Amendment

Article X, Section 29

(Voter Control and Gambling in Florida)

Vote NO This amendment would strip legislature of the power to authorize Florida casino expansion and give sole authority to voters. It would allow voters from one part of the state to effect casino expansion in another county. This amendment will not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts. The impact on cost and revenue for the state and local government is unknown at this time.


No. 4

Constitutional Amendment

Article VI, Section 4

(Voting Restoration Amendment)

Vote YES This amendment would restore the voting rights of Florida residents with felony convictions after they complete all terms of their sentence. Disqualified persons include those convicted of murder, sexual offenses, or considered mentally incompetent. The impact on cost and revenue for the state and local government is unknown at this time.


No. 5

Constitutional Amendment

Article VII, Section 19

(Supermajority Vote Required to Impose, Authorize, or Raise State Taxes or Fees)


Vote NO This amendment prohibits the legislature from imposing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This measure would make it more challenging to raise taxes than to cut taxes. This amendment would require that any new or increased taxes or fees be voted on in stand-alone bills.


No. 6

Constitutional Revision

Article I, Section 16

Article XII, New Section

(Rights of Crime Victims; Judges)


Vote NO This revision would require courts to authorize victims to enforce their rights. Though victim’s rights are currently protected under the Constitution. This amendment would give more weight towards victims, potentially eliminating an existing provision that guarantees that victim’s rights do not inhibit the constitutional rights of accused persons.

Tacked on to this amendment is the push to increase the mandatory retirement age for judges from 70 to 75.


No. 7

Constitutional Amendment

Article XI, Section 3

(First Responder and Military Member Survivor Benefits, Supermajority Board Votes for College Fees, and State College System)


Vote NO Enforces a mandatory payment of death benefits and waives certain education-related expenses to surviving spouses of military members and first responders who were killed in the line of duty. Requires a sub-majority vote (9/13 votes or more) by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose legislatively authorized fees, not including tuition. For a fee to be raised system wide, the State University System’s Board of Governors would need 12 out of 17 votes to approve of any changes. Establishes the existing state college system as a constitutional entry, which would provide governance structure for it. This would allow for state colleges (formerly known as community colleges) to be recognized in the state constitution.


No. 9

Constitutional Amendment

Article II, Section 7

Article X, Section 20

(Florida Amendment 9, Ban Offshore Oil and Gas Drilling and Ban Vaping in Enclosed Indoor Workplaces)


Vote YES Prohibits the drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all the state-owned waters between the mean water line and the state’s outermost territorial boundaries. This amendment only pertains to state-controlled water XXX. Prohibits vaping (use of e-cigarettes) in-doors in public residences. However, vaping will still be allowed in in-door facilities where smoking is allowed.



Constitutional Amendment

Article III, Section 3

Article VIII, Section 1, 6

(State and Local Government Structure)


Vote NO Requires the Legislature to change the start time of its annual session from March to January during even-numbered years. Requires the Legislature to keep the state Department of Veteran Affairs. Requires all 67 counties to elect their sheriff, tax collector, elections supervisor and clerk of courts. Creates the offices of domestic security and counterterrorism within the state Department of Law Enforcement.


No. 11

Constitutional Amendment

Article I, Section 2

Article X, Section 9, 19

(Repeal Prohibition on Aliens’ Property Ownership, Delete Obsolete Provision on High-Speed Rail, and Repeal of Criminal Statutes’ Effect on Prosecution)

Vote NO Repeals the state’s ability to prohibit non-citizens from buying, owning and selling property. Repeals the state’s “Saving Clause,” which allows the Legislature to reduce criminal penalties for crimes committed before the repeal of a criminal law. This has drawn reported interest from the NRA. Removes the language of approving the high-speed rail project, which was already rejected by voters almost fifteen years ago, but the language was never removed.


No. 12

Constitutional Amendment

Article II, Section 7

Article X, Section 20

(Lobbying Restrictions)

Vote NO Bars state officials (agency heads, judges and local elected officials) from becoming paid lobbyists before local, state or federal agencies until six years after they have left office.


No. 13

Constitutional Amendment

Article X, Article XII

(Ban on Wagering on Dog Races)


Vote YES Bans commercial greyhound racing from Florida by 2020, including placing wages or bets on dog races.



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